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Bolivia: Adventure Trips by place:

Bolivia - Country facts

Map

Small map of Bolivia
Click for a larger map

Flag

Country flag: Bolivia

Capital

La Paz (seat of government); Suc

Currency

boliviano (BOB)

Internet Code

.bo

Location

Central South America, southwest of Brazil

Background

Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and counter-coups. Comparatively democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and illegal drug production. Current goals include attracting foreign investment, strengthening the educational system, resolving disputes with coca growers over Bolivia's counterdrug efforts, and waging an anticorruption campaign.

Climate

varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid

Terrain

rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin

Population

8,857,870 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic Groups

Quechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%

Religions

Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5%

Languages

Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)

Map of Bolivia

Large map of Bolivia
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