Areas of interest:

Mexico: Adventure Trips by place:

Mexico - Country facts


Small map of Mexico
Click for a larger map


Country flag: Mexico


Mexico (Distrito Federal)


Mexican peso (MXN)

Internet Code



Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US


The site of advanced Amerindian civilizations, Mexico came under Spanish rule for three centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century. A devaluation of the peso in late 1994 threw Mexico into economic turmoil, triggering the worst recession in over half a century. The nation continues to make an impressive recovery. Ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the largely Amerindian population in the impoverished southern states. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that the opposition defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). Vicente FOX of the National Action Party (PAN) was sworn in on 1 December 2000 as the first chief executive elected in free and fair elections.


varies from tropical to desert


high, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert


106,202,903 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic Groups

mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%


nominally Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 6%, other 5%


Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages

Map of Mexico

Large map of Mexico
back top