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Honduras - Country facts

Map

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Capital

Tegucigalpa

Currency

lempira (HNL)

Internet Code

.hn

Location

Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua

Background

Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage.

Climate

subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains

Terrain

mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

Population

6,975,204
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AI

Ethnic Groups

mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Religions

Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%

Languages

Spanish, Amerindian dialects

Map of Honduras


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