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Netherlands - Country facts

Map

Small map of Netherlands
Click for a larger map

Flag

Country flag: Netherlands

Capital

Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat

Currency

euro (EUR)
note:

Internet Code

.nl

Location

Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

Background

The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999.

Climate

temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

Terrain

mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

Population

16,407,491 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic Groups

Dutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese and Indonesians) (1999 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 31%, Protestant 21%, Muslim 4.4%, other 3.6%, unaffiliated 40% (1998)

Languages

Dutch (official), Frisian (official)

Map of Netherlands

Large map of Netherlands
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