Areas of interest:
 

Thailand: Adventure Trips by place:

Thailand - Country facts

Map

Small map of Thailand
Click for a larger map

Flag

Country flag: Thailand

Capital

Bangkok

Currency

baht (THB)

Internet Code

.th

Location

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

Background

A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US ally following the conflict. Thailand is currently facing armed violence in its three Muslim-majority southernmost provinces.

Climate

tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

Terrain

central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

Population

65,444,371
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to A

Ethnic Groups

Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%

Religions

Buddhism 95%, Muslim 3.8%, Christianity 0.5%, Hinduism 0.1%, other 0.6%

Languages

Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

Map of Thailand

Large map of Thailand
back top