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United Arab Emirates - Country facts

Map

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Flag

Capital

Abu Dhabi

Currency

Emirati dirham (AED)

Internet Code

.ae

Location

Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

Background

The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region.

Climate

desert; cooler in eastern mountains

Terrain

flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east

Population

2,563,212
note: includes an estimated 1,606,079 non-nationals; the 17 December 1995 census presents a total popul

Ethnic Groups

Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
note: less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)

Religions

Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4%

Languages

Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu

Map of United Arab Emirates


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