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Singapore - Country facts

Map

Small map of Singapore
Click for a larger map

Flag

Country flag: Singapore

Capital

Singapore

Currency

Singapore dollar (SGD)

Internet Code

.sg

Location

Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

Background

Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. It subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.

Climate

tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon from December to March and Southwestern monsoon from June to September; inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms

Terrain

lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve

Population

4,425,720 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic Groups

Chinese 76.7%, Malay 14%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4%

Religions

Buddhist (Chinese), Muslim (Malays), Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Taoist, Confucianist

Languages

Chinese (official), Malay (official and national), Tamil (official), English (official)

Map of Singapore

Large map of Singapore
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