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Nigeria - Country facts

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Capital

Abuja; note - on 12 December 199

Currency

naira (NGN)

Internet Code

.ng

Location

Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Background

Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The president faces the daunting task of rebuilding a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, the OBASANJO administration must defuse longstanding ethnic and religious tensions, if it is to build a sound foundation for economic growth and political stability. Despite some irregularities, the April 2003 elections marked the first civilian transfer of power in Nigeria's history.

Climate

varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

Terrain

southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

Population

128,771,988
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to

Ethnic Groups

Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%

Religions

Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%

Languages

English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani

Map of Nigeria


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