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Morocco - Country facts

Map

Small map of Morocco
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Flag

Country flag: Morocco

Capital

Rabat

Currency

Moroccan dirham (MAD)

Internet Code

.ma

Location

Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara

Background

Morocco's long struggle for independence from France ended in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier was turned over to the new country that same year. Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s, but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved. Gradual political reforms in the 1990s resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature in 1997. Parliamentary elections were held for the second time in September 2002 and municipal elections were held in September 2003.

Climate

Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

Terrain

northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains

Population

32,725,847 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic Groups

Arab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%

Religions

Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%

Languages

Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy

Map of Morocco

Large map of Morocco
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