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Tunisia - Country facts

Map

Small map of Tunisia
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Flag

Country flag: Tunisia

Capital

Tunis

Currency

Tunisian dinar (TND)

Internet Code

.tn

Location

Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

Background

Following independence from France in 1956, President Habib BOURGUIBA established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In recent years, Tunisia has taken a moderate, non-aligned stance in its foreign relations. Domestically, it has sought to defuse rising pressure for a more open political society.

Climate

temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

Terrain

mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

Population

10,074,951 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic Groups

Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Religions

Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Languages

Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)

Map of Tunisia

Large map of Tunisia
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