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Guinea - Country facts

Map

Small map of Guinea
Click for a larger map

Flag

Country flag: Guinea

Capital

Conakry

Currency

Guinean franc (GNF)

Internet Code

.gn

Location

Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone

Background

Guinea has had only two presidents since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Lansana CONTE came to power in 1984, when the military seized the government after the death of the first president, Sekou TOURE. Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003. Unrest in Sierra Leone and Liberia has spilled over into Guinea on several occasions over the past decade, threatening stability and creating humanitarian emergencies.

Climate

generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

Terrain

generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior

Population

9,467,866 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic Groups

Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%

Religions

Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%

Languages

French (official), each ethnic group has its own language

Map of Guinea

Large map of Guinea
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